Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupathi
About Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupathi, Temples of Andhra Pradesh
Sri Venkateswara temple is an ancient and sacred temple located on the seventh peak, Venkatachala or Venkata Hill of the Tirupati Hill. It lies on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini.
The deity Venkateswara is also called as the Lord of the Seven Hills. This temple has a unique sanctity in India. Even the Sastras, Puranas, Sthala Mahatyams and Alwar hymns reveal that, the mukti or salvation in the Kali Yuga can be attained only by worshipping this lord.
The Rig Veda and Asthadasa Puranas have mentioned the benefits acquired by a piligrimage to Venkatachala. The epics also describe Sri Venkateswara as the great bestower of boons.
The legend of Sri Venkatachala Mahatmya is referred in several Puranas, of which the most important are the Varaha Purana and the Bhavishyottara Purana. The other Puranas which mention about Lord Venkateswara are the Padma Purana, the Garuda Purana, the Brahmanda Purana, the Markandeya Purana, the Harivamsa, the Vamana Purana, the Brahma Purana, the Brahmottara Purana, the Aditya Purana, the Skanda Purana and the Bhavishyottara Purana.
According to the Varaha Purana, Adi Varaha manifested himself on the western bank of the Swami Pushkarini, while Lord Vishnu in the form of Venkateswara came to reside on the southern bank of the Swami Pushkarini. One day, Rangadasa, a staunch devotee of Vishnu, in the course of his pilgrimage, joined Vaikhanasa Gopinatha, who was going up the Tirumala Hill for the daily worship of Lord Venkateswara. After bathing in the Swami Pushkarini, he saw the lotus-eyed and blue-bodied Lord Vishnu beneath a tamarind tree.
The lord was exposed to the sun, wind and rain and was only protected by the extended wings of Garuda. Rangadasa astounded by the wonderful sight raised a rough wall of stones around the deity, and started supplying flowers faithfully to Gopinatha everyday for Vishnu's worship. One day, Rangadasa distracted by a Gandharva king and his ladies forgets to supply flowers to Gopinatha for Vishnu's worship.
The Lord then revealed himself before Rangadasa and says that he had been testing the latter's continence. Even though Rangadasa had not been steadfast, the Lord accepted and appreciated Rangadasa's devoted service to him. He blessed Rangadasa to be reborn as an affluent ruler of a province and would enjoy the earthly pleasures. He would continue to serve the Lord, construct a beautiful temple with a Vimana and high surrounding walls, and thereby earn eternal glory. Later, Rangadasa was reborn as Tondaman, the son of the royal couple, Suvira and Nandini.
Tondaman enjoyed a pleasurable life as a young man. One day, he saw Vishnu under the tamarind tree and was deeply affected by the sight of Vishnu. Later, when he inherited his father's kingdom, as per the directions of Adi Varaha, Tondaman constructed a Prakaram and a Dvara Gopuram. He also arranged for the regular worship of the Lord. In Kali Yuga, when Akasaraja became the ruler of Tondamandalam, his daughter Padmavathi was married to Venkateswara. Their marriage was celebrated with great pomp and splendour. It was also attended by many other gods including Brahma and Shiva.
The temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara has a great history. The rulers of great dynasties of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine. The Pallavas of Kancheepuram, the Cholas of Thanjavur, the Pandyas of Madurai, and the kings and chieftains of Vijayanagar were all the devotees of the Lord. The contributions to the temple increased during the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty.
Sri Krishnadevaraya installed statues of himself and many of his consorts at the portals of the temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald which is still preserved in a box named after the General.
The rulers of Mysore and Gadwal also visited this temple and given contributions. During the British rule, the administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants for nearly a century, till 1933 AD.
In 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a special act, which empowered the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (TTD) Committee to control and administer a fixed group of temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through a Commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.
In 1951, the Act of 1933 was replaced by an enactment whereby the administration of TTD was entrusted to a Board of Trustees, and an Executive Officer was appointed by the Government.
Darshan at Sri Venkateswara Temple
TTD has organised efficient systems to ensure the smooth movement of pilgrims as lakhs of pilgrims have been visiting the Sri Venkateswara Temple every day.
Sarvadarsanam - The Sarvadarsanam meaning the darshan for all has the timings which are different on different days of the week. On normal days, about 18 hours are allocated for the Sarvadarsanam and on peak days 20 hours are allocated.
Special Darshan - The Special Darshan has shorter queue and waiting time. The entrance for Special Darshan is through the PPC (Queue Complex). The queue merges with the Sarvadarsanam queue at Bangaruvakili. There are two categories of special darshan with the same timings of the Sarvadarsanam.
Sudarsanam Token System - The Sudarsanam token system was introduced to minimise the waiting time for Sarvadarsanam, Special Darshan and other paid Darshans and Sevas. It has some features which are as follows.
There are free tokens available at the First Choultry (opposite the TiruRailway Station), Second Choultry (behind the Railway Station), Alipiri Bus Stand, Tirupati, Vaikuntam Queue Complex, Pilgrim Amenities Centre (Near CRO) and near the Rambagicha Guest House in Tirumala.
The Darshan timing is fixed and indicated on the tokens.
The Pilgrims are supposed to enter the Vaikuntam Queue Complex at Tirumala at the time indicated on the tokens.
The Darshan can be had within two hours of entering the Queue Complex.
This system saves a lot of waiting time and provides pilgrims with enough time to visit temples in the vicinity like Sri Govindarajaswami Temple and Kapila Teertham at Tirupati, Sri Padmavathi Ammavari Temple at Tiruchanur and Sri Kalyana Venkateswara Swami Temple at Srinivasa Mangapuram.
The system issues one token per head and there are no collective tokens. This helps to keep track of the number of visitors to the temple.
Special Darshan for the Physically Disabled and the Aged - There is a Special Darshan facility available for the physically disabled and the aged through a separate gate at the Maha Dwaram, the main temple entrance. If required, such pilgrims can be accompanied by one attendant.
Brahmotsavam Celebrations - Brahmotsavam is the biggest fair of Lord Venkateswara. Its beginning is marked by the Dhwajarohana which involves the hoisting of the Garudadhwaja (flag with the emblem of a black garuda), near the Srivari Alaya Dhwajasthambham.
A spectacular procession of Lord Venkateswara on the Pedda Seshavahana is taken around the four streets of the main temple from 2200 hrs till midnight. The meaning of Sesha is ‘to serve’. Adi Sesha is a thousand-headed serpent, on whom Lord Sri Maha Vishnu rests in his abode, Vaikuntam.
Tirumala Hills, the abode of Lord Sri Venkateswara, is believed to be the manifestation of Adisesha. In commemoration of this event, the Lord is carried in a procession around the streets of Tirumala on the Seshavahana (vehicle shaped like Adisesha) during the first two days of Brahmotsavam (Pedda Seshavahana and Chinna Seshavahana). The other activities of Brahmotsavam involve the following.
Aalaya Suddhi - The temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara is cleaned before beginning the Brahmotsavam, according to the guidelines given in the religious texts. The temple premises and its surroundings are decorated with flowers and mango leaves. This process is called Aalaya Suddhi and Alankaram (decoration).
Mritsangrahanam - The Mritsangrahanam or the process of collecting earth is carried out on the day prior to the first day of Brahmotsavam. The temple priests and officials pray to deities like Vishvaksena, Anantha, Sudarshana and Garuda. They also pray to Mother Earth and collect a small quantity of earth, with which the Ankurarpanam ritual is conducted. In Ankurarpanam, the earth is spread in a room and nine kinds of cereals are sown in it.
Dwajarohanam and Devatavanam - The Dwajarohanam or the hoisting the flag or the garudadhwaja signals the beginning of the Brahmotsavam. It is carried out at the Dwajasthambham, near the Nadimi Padi Kavili inside the temple complex. The temple officials hoist the flag with a picture of Garuda on it to the chanting of Vedic mantras by the temple priests. It is believed that Garuda goes to the Devalokam to invite Gods like Brahma, Indra, Yama, Agni, Kubera and Vayudeva and sages like Vasistha and Vishwamitra.
Vahana Seva - The Lord Venkateswara is taken in a procession around the streets of Tirumala on different Vahanas or vehicles. Each Vahana has its own significance, and conveys the Lord’s message in its own way.
Srivari Koluvu - After being taken around in a procession during Brahmotsavam, the Lord holds court in the main temple. The Naivedyam is offered by the temple priests during this time.
Snapanam - The Snapanam which is also called as the Utsavananthara Snapanam, is the process of bathing the Lord with herbal water after the procession. It is believed that the strain which the Lord had undergone during the procession will be relieved through the herbal water bathing.
Choornabhishekam - The Choornabhishekam involves bathing the lord and his consorts after immersing them with sandalwood powder. Usually, this is performed on the morning of the ninth day of the Brahmotsavam. Again the Lord is taken in a procession around the streets of Tirumala. The temple priests distribute the sandalwood powder used for the Lord to devotees. It is believed that the sandalwood powder has the power of clearing obstacles from one's path.
Chakrasnanam - The Chakrasnanam ritual is similar to the bathing ritual and this is performed after the performance of a yagna. On the morning of the last day of Brahmotsavam, the Lord, his consorts and Sri Sudarshanachakram are bathed in the Swami Pushkarini. The devotees can also take bathe in the Swami Pushkarini, along with Sri Sudarshanachakram. As it is considered to be a very sacred ritual, severeal devotees participate in this ritual, irrespective of religion, caste or creed.
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An Introduction to Hinduism
Known as “Santana Dharma” in
Sanskrit, the Hinduism is the world's oldest organized and
most profound religion. It is the everlasting religion which
was founded, exists and flourishes in India. It is not
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The earliest literary creations were the Rig-Veda, the Sama
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The Epics of India
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Influence of Buddhism and Jainism
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Vaishnavism sometimes referred as the heart of Hinduism is
the largest community within the Hinduism worshipping the
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Various influences on Hinduism
Influence of Sri Adi Shankaracharya on HinduismThe influence
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On Hindu Gods and Goddesses
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Hindu God - Lord Ganesha
Lord Ganesha is a unique Hindu
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Lord Shiva is the God of
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Hindu God - Goddess Durga
Goddess Durga maintains the moral order and the
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Goddess Lakshmi is symbolism of wealth and prosperity. In
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Goddess Saraswati is the deity of learning, knowledge, and
wisdom. In Sanskrit, the word Saraswati means "the essence
of the self." Goddess Saraswati is the divine wife of Lord
Brahma. She is the creative power of Brahma. She is
More Hindu Gods
Hindu God - Lord RamaLord Rama being the seventh incarnation
of Lord Vishnu, worshipping him is very popular among all
Hindus. In temples Rama is accompanied by his faithful wife,
Sita, devoted brother Lakshmana and beloved devotee Hanuman.
The great ...
Influence of Navagraha on your life
Navagraha or the nine planets influence the life of every
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The Hindu philosophy is the longest surviving philosophy
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The Samkhya School of Philosophy
The Samkhya is the oldest of the orthodox philosophical
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The Yoga School of Philosophy
The Yoga which is considered to have arisen from the Samkhya
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The Nyaya School of Philosophy
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The Purva Mimamsa School of Philosophy
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Hinduism as a Religion
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Worship at Temple
Even though the god is omnipresent, there should be a way to
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Temple Architecture of India
The Hindu temples developed over two thousand years depict
excellent architectural evolution which took place within
the boundaries of strict models derived from religious
considerations. In Hindu tradition, the Temple architecture
is a religious architecture which is connected to astronomy
Temple Arts of India
Mural PaintingsMural Paintings are the most common temple
paintings and its evolution in temples can be traced from
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Forms of Hindu worship
The process of worship in Hinduism involves the use of three
basic techniques such as the mantra, the tantra and the
yantra. The mantra symbolizes the path of knowledge, the
tantra symbolizes the path of devotion and the yantra
About Hindu Prayers
The Hindu Prayer is the part and parcel of the Vedic
lifestyle. The vedas have the large collection of mantras
and prayer rituals extolling a single supreme force,
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Darshan in Hinduism
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Pooja in Hinduism
The Pooja is another form of worship to the deities of the
Hindu Religion which involves prayers, offerings and
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Pradakshina in Hinduism
The parikrama or the pradakshina or the circumambulation
means circling the sacred object. It has deeper meaning in
the religious space connecting the devotee to the cosmos. It
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Prasad in Hinduism
The word ‘prasad’ implies to give peace. It is the sacred
offering of the god. During any form of worship, Hindus
offer certain items to god. Based on the ability of the
devotee, many types of items are offered like
Basic norms to be followed in a temple
The house of worship for Hindus is the temple. It is in this
place the divine relationship with the god can be easily
accomplished. It is the place reserved for religious and
spiritual activities. There are many elaborate measures
Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Sri Venkateswara Temple, Tirupathi
Sri Venkateswara temple is an ancient and sacred temple
located on the seventh peak, Venkatachala or Venkata Hill of
the Tirupati Hill. It lies on the southern banks of Sri
Swami Pushkarini. The deity Venkateswara is also called as
Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Srisailam Temple
The Srisailam temple is situated on the border of the
ancient sacred hill of Srigiri on the south bank of the
Krishna River, in the Nallamalai range of Andhra Pradesh at
232 km south of Hyderabad. The Srisailam is also
Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Bhadrachalam Sri Rama Temple
The Bhadrachalam Sri Rama temple, being the abode of Lord
Rama is situated in Khamman district on the bank of the holy
river Godavari at a distance of 325 kms from Hyderabad. Lord
Rama is said to have crossed the ...
Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Sri Kalahasthi Temple
The Sri Kalahasti temple is an ancient temple dedicated to
Lord Shiva and is one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalams. The
Pancha Bhoota Stalam is related to the temples celebrating
Shiva as the embodiment of the primary elements. The air ...
Temples of Andhra Pradesh - Amareswara Swamy Temple
The Amareswara Swamy temple is located on a small hillock
referred to as Krouncha Shaila in Amaravati, about 15 miles
away from Guntur near Vijayawada in Andhra Pradesh. This
temple constitutes one of the five Pancharama temples of
Andhra Pradesh ...
More Temples of Andhra Pradesh
Warangal Temple, Andhra Pradesh The Warangal temple is the
Thousand Pillar Temple which is situated at 4-km from
Hanumakonda crossroad in Warangal district. It is a fine
specimen of Kakatiya architecture and sculpture built in the
style of Chalukya ...
Major Temples of Goa
Temples of Goa > Sri Shanta Durga TempleShri Devi
Shantadurga temple is located at Kavlem in Ponda Taluk of
Goa. This temple is the biggest temple in Goa. The temple
constructed during the reign of Maratha ruler Shahu Raje of
Major Temples of Gujarat
Major Temples of Gujarat > Sri Somanath TempleSri
Somnath temple is known as the Eternal Shrine as it has
withstood the shocks of time and the attacks of the
destroyers. Situated in Prabhas Kshetra in Saurashtra at 79
kms from ...
Major Temples of Jammu and Kashmir
Temples of Jammu and Kashmir - Amarnath Temple The
Amarnath temple is one of the most revered pilgrimage places
in India. The cave is located at 86 miles north east of
Srinagar at 13000 feet above sea level. Surrounded ...
Temples of Karnataka - Annapoorneshwari Temple
Sri Annapoorneshwari Temple is located at Horanadu around
100 Kms from Chikmagalur. It is an ancient and revered
shrine located in amidst thick forests and valleys. The
Deity of the temple is Sri Annapoorneshwari, a form of
Parvati. This idol ...
Temples of Karnataka - Badami Caves
Being the capital of Chalukyas, Badami located at the mouth
of a ravine between two rocky hills has the world famous
cave temples dating back 6th or 7th centuries. These temples
are all hewn out of sand stone on the ...
Temples of Karnataka - Chamundeshwari Temple
The Chamundeshwari temple is located on the top of Chamundi
Hill which is about 3 kms from Mysore City. There are about
one thousand steps to the hill. The temple is believed to be
built in 12th century by Hoysalas ...
Temples of Karnataka - Shri Dharmasthala Temple
Shri Dharmasthala temple located in the village of
Dharmasthala, in Belthangady Taluk of South Kanara District
of Karnataka State. It is one of the most sacred places in
South India. It is situated in on the Mangalore-Charmady
Road 40 miles ...
Temples of Karnataka - The Gokarna Temple
Gokarna located at a distance of 170 km from Mangalore is a
celebrated pilgrimage center on the coast of Karnataka,
enshrining the Aatma Lingam Mahabaleshwar. It is referred as
one of the 7 Mukti Stalas of Karnataka. The other six ...
Temples of Karnataka - Mookambika Temple
Sri Mookambika temple is situated at the foot of a hill
called Kudashtri at Kollur about 135 kms from Mangalore. It
is one of the seven 'Mukti Sthalams' of Parasurama Kshetra
situated in Karnataka. The deity of the temple is ...
Temples of Karnataka - Sringeri Temple
The Sringeri temple is situated amidst the Sahyadri hills in
Chikmagalur district of Karnataka on the left bank of
Tungabhadra river at 150 km from Mangalore. Being the home
of Sharada Peetham established by the revered saint Sri Adi
Temples of Karnataka - Vishnumurthy Temple
Shree Vishnumurthy Temple is situated in Kulai town at 15
kms north of Mangalore along the west coast high way. It is
one of the ancient Vishnu shrines in Mangalore. Shree
Vishnumurthy, another form of Lord Mahavishnu is the main
Temples of Karnataka - Udupi Sri Krishna Temple
The Udupi Sri Krishna temple located at 60 kms from
Mangalore is one of the most popular shrines dedicated to
Lord Krishna in the southern region of India. It was built
in 13th century and the idol of Krishna was ...
Temples of Kerala - Ambalapuzzha Sri Krishna Temple
The Ambalapuzzha Sri Krishna temple is situated in
Ambalapuzzha, a small town in Alapuzzha district of Kerala
State. It is one of the three important Sri Krishna temples
in the state of Kerala. It is believed to have been built
Temples of Kerala - Thiruvananthapuram Attukal Temple
The Attukal Bhagavathy temple in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
is one of the ancient temples of South India and is
popularly known as the Sabarimala of the Women. The Goddess
in the temple of Attukal is worshipped as the Supreme
Mother. The ...
Temples of Kerala - Sree Guruvayoorappan Temple
Located at 29 km north-west of Thrissur District of Kerala,
the Guruvayur is one of the most important pilgrimage
centers of South India. It is called as the Bhoolokavaikunta
meaning the heaven on the Earth. It is also called as ...
Temples of Kerala - Sri Padmanabhaswamy Temple
Sri Padmanabhaswamy temple, located inside the East Fort in
Thiruvananthapuram of Kerala is dedicated to Lord Padmanabha,
a form of Vishnu. The temple has Vishnu enshrined in
Anananthasayanam posture which is in eternal sleep of
yognidra. Sri Padmanabhaswamy ...
Temples of Kerala - Sabarimala Temple
About Sabarimala Sree Swamy
Ayyappa Temple Sri Sabarimala Sree Swamy Ayyappa temple
situated in the Western Ghats Mountains at an elevation of
4135 feet above sea level is the most famous and prominent
among all the Shastha temples. ...
Temples of Kerala - Thirunavaya Temple
The Thiruvanaya Navamukunda Temple, located at 8 km south of
Tirur, near Ponnani in Malappuram district on the banks of
the river Bharathapuzha is popular for holding immense
historical importance. In this place, Mamangam, a grand
assembly of the rulers ...
Temples of Kerala - Thirunelli Temple
The Thirunelli Temple located at 30 kms from Mananthavadi in
Wayanad of Kerala is an ancient temple dedicated to Lord
Vishnu on the side of Brahmagiri hills close to Papanasini
River which is believed to have curative effects on the ...
Temples of Kerala- Vadakkunnathan Temple
The Vadakkkunnathan Temple located in Thrissur of Kerala is
one of the largest temples in Kerala which is dedicated to
Lord Shiva. This 1000 year old temple is a classic example
of the Kerala style of architecture with beautiful murals
Temples of Kerala- Chottanikkara Bhagavathy Temple
The Chottanikkara Bhagavathy Temple located at 17kms from
Ernakulam of Kerala is one of the most celebrated Hindu
shrines of Kerala. The main deity being Rajarajeswari or
Adiparasakthi or Durga Bhagavathy or the mother Goddess was
brought from Mookambika Temple ...
Major Temples of Maharastra
Temples of Maharastra - Mumbai Devi MandirMaa Mumbadevi
temple in Mumbai is temple of Goddess Shakthi. The name of
the city Mumbai is also derived from Maa Mumbadevi. The
original temple built in 1737 at Victoria Terminus Station
in Bori ...
Temples of Orissa - Jagannath Temple
The Jagannath temple is situated in Puri, on the east coast
of India, in the state of Orissa. The main presiding deity
is Lord Krishna or Jagannath. It is an ancient shrine having
a wooden image. There are also wooden ...
Temples of Orissa - Konark Temple
The Konark temple is a colossal temple dedicated to the Sun
god. It is a magnificiant temple with extremely beautiful
sculptures reflecting the genius of the architects. The
combination of Konark with Bhubaneshwar and Puri is referred
as the golden ...
Temples of Rajasthan - Ambika Mata Temple
The Ambikamata Temple is
situated in Jagat about 58 km from Udaipur. It is called as
the Khajuraho of Rajasthan. Even though the temple is small
in size, it is quite detailed and dates back to the
Pratihara period. Durga, ...
Temples of Tamil Nadu - Chidambaram Temple
The Chidambaram temple located at 250 Km to the south of
Chennai in Tamil Nadu. It is the most well known saivite
temple with main deity as Nataraja enshrined in the
Chitsabha or the Hall of Consciousness in the Anand ...
Temples of Tamil Nadu - Madurai Meenakshi Temple
The Madurai Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple is one of the
greatest temples of Meenakshi in India. It is also known for
its sprawling landscape filled with sculptured halls,
pillars and lofty towers with lavish artwork in all forms.
Madurai is also ...
Temples of Tamil Nadu - Rameshwara Temple
The Rameshwara temple is one of the holiest shrines of India
having one of the twelve Jyotirlingams. It is a huge temple
situated in the island of Rameshwaram at about 160 km
southeast of Madurai which can be reached through ...
Temples of Tamil Nadu - Palani Temple
The Palani temple is situated in
the district of Madurai about 112 km from Madurai and 152 km
from Trichi. Lord Murugan called Thandayudapani is the
presiding deity of the temple. This temple is on the 450
feet high Palani ...
Major Temples of West Bengal
Temples of West Bengal -
Dakshineswar TempleThe Dakshineswar Kali Temple is located
alongside the Vivekananda Bridge north of Calcutta. It is
believed that Saint Ramakrishna Paramahamsa achieved
spiritual vision in this place. This temple is dedicated to
goddess Kali. ...